Islamic Education Resource Foundation

Dr. Jamal Badawi Presents

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Islam in 176 Hours

This material was obtained by permission from Reading Islam and Dr. Jamal Badawi

E) The Pillars of Islam

The First Pillar: Testimony of Faith, Ash-Shahadatayn

Are the Five Pillars All What Islam Is About? (5) The Five Pillars (3) 
Significance of the Order of the Pillars (2) Significance of the Order of the Pillars (2)
 Belief in Muhammad, the Last Messenger (2)  Some Indications from the Qur’an about Allah (6)
 Other Beliefs in Addition to the Five Pillars (3)  Belief in Muhammad and Previous Prophets (6)
 Qur’an and Hadith Related to the Five Pillars (1)

The Second Pillar: Prayer (Salah)

Meaning of Salah, Deficiency of Common Translations (2)  Summary of the Last Program (4)
Significance of Wudu’ and Its Benefits (6)  Preparation for Salah: Wudu’ (Ablution) (3)
 Exceptions and Concessions in Wudu’ (4)  Nullification of Wudu’ (1)
Are These Injunctions “Too Detailed”? (2) Ghusl (Bathing): When It Is Required or Commendable (3)
 Other Health and Hygienic Injunctions in Islam (6)

Salah — I: Form and Significance

The Role of Salah in Islam (4) Summary of the Last Program (5)
 Original Teachings Are All the Same Except for Salah (5)
 Other Preparations for Salah (3)
 Determination of Qiblah (2)  Location of Salah (2)
Times of Salah: Salah at the Workplace (2)  Significance of Qiblah (2)
The Adhan: Its Uniqueness and Meaning (3)

Salah — II: Form and Significance

Rak`ah: The Basic Unit in Salah (5) Summary of the Last Program (4)
 Analysis of Takbir and Its Significance (3)  Number of Rak`ahs in Each of the Five Daily Salah (1)
 Allah Listens and Responds When Al-Fatihah Is Recited (2)  Al-Fatihah, the Opening Surah of the Qur’an (9)
Significance of Movement in Salah (2) Additional Supplications and Recitations (3)

Salah — III: Form and Significance

Supplications during Ruku` and Sujud (3) Summary of the Last Program (3)
The End of Salah (3) Significance of the Requirement to Perform Salah in Arabic (5)
Making Up for Missed Salah (2) The End of Salah (4)
Non-Mandatory Salah: Sunnah (2) Temporary Exemptions or Concessions in Salah (5)

Salah — IV: Group Salah: Overall Significance

Group Salah (Jama`ah) May Be Mandatory or Commendable (2) Summary of the Last Program (1)
Women’s Option to Attend Group Salah in the Masjid (3) Format of Group Salah (2)
Spiritual Meaning and Benefits of Being Involved in Salah (8) Why Do Women Stand in the Back Rows in Group Salah? (3)
Social and Political Lessons from Salah (5) Moral Aspect of Salah (4)

Zakah (Charity)

Zakah in the Qur’an (4) Meaning of Zakah: Difference from Tithe and Tax (5)
Islam’s Concept of Private Ownership as It Relates to Zakah (5) Zakah as Purification (3)
Zakatable and Non-Zakatable Assets (2)  Who Is Required to Pay Zakah? (2)
Various Percentages of Zakah (2) Categories of Zakah (1)
Legitimate Recipient of Zakah (2) Proper Time to Pay Zakah (1)
Sayings of Prophet Muhammad (1)

Siyam (Fasting)

How Is Fasting Observed? (2) Spiritual and Historical Significance of Ramadan (6)
Fasting near the Poles (Perpetual Daylight or Darkness) (2) Rotation of Ramadan in Different Seasons: Reasons and Benefits (2)
Exemptions from Fasting (3) Who Is Required to Fast? (2)
 Effects of Fasting on Productivity (4)  How to Make Fasting Tolerable (2)
Social Implications of Fasting: Celebration of `Eid Al-Fitr (2) Fasting as an Act of Worship and a Trainer in Moral Virtue (3)

Hajj: Historical Background — I

Hajj Is Not to the Tomb of Prophet Muhammad (2) Meaning and Importance of Hajj (4)
History of Hajj: Connection with Prophet Abraham (3) Hajj Is Not a Mere Trip or Visitation of Sacred Places (3)
How Did Ishmael Come to Makkah? (3) The Bible: Abraham’s Descendents “A Great Nation” (9)
Reasons for Choosing This Time and This Place (3)

Hajj: Historical Background — II

Biblical Version of Ishmael’s Coming to Arabia (9) Summary of the Last Program (4)
The Qur’an Says the Sacrificial Son Was Ishmael (3) Abraham’s Visits to Build the Ka`bah and the Sacrifice of Ishmael (6)
The Bible Says the Sacrificial Son Was Isaac (4) The Lessons of the Story of Sacrifice (4)

Hajj: Rites and Significance — III

Significance of Travel for Hajj (3) Summary of the Last Program (3)
The Start of Ihram (2)  The Difference between Hajj and `Umrah (2)
Concessions for Women (1) Significance of Ihram Attire (3)
Other Restrictions during Ihram (3) Meaning of Cloth (2)
Description of the Ka`bah and Its Significance (5) Chanting Talbiyah on the Way to the Ka`bah (2)
Tawaf (Circumambulation) of the Ka`bah (2)

Hajj: Rites and Significance — IV

Significance of the Black Stone (7) Summary of the Last Program (4)
Between As-Safa and Al-Marwa (6) What Are the Rites of Hajj after This? (4)
 The Climax of Hajj: Standing on Mount `Arafat (3) Pre-Islamic and Islamic Rites in Hajj (3)
What Is Done after Descending from `Arafat (2)
Previous Section (D)        Next Section (F)

A) Monotheism     B) Prophethood     C) Muhammad in the Bible    D) Muslim's Beliefs

E) The Pillars of Islam     F) Social System of Islam     G) Economic System of Islam

H) Political System of Islam    I) Miracles in the Qur'an    J) Moral Teachings of Islam

K) Jesus       L) Muhammad

 

 

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