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Dr. Jamal Badawi Presents

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Islam in 176 Hours

This material was obtained by permission from Reading Islam and Dr. Jamal Badawi

F) Social System of Islam

1) Human Brotherhood and Equality — I

 Topics to Be Covered in This Series (4) Connection with Previous Series (2) 
 Tawheed (Monotheism) as the Basis for Human Brotherhood (5) Difference from Previous Religions and Philosophies (9)
Story of Adam and Eve: Uniqueness of the Islamic Version (5) Moral Foundation of Human Brotherhood (4)

2) Human Brotherhood and Equality — II

More on the Creation of Adam and Eve (5) Summary of the Last Program (4)
 Statements in the Qur’an Confirming Human Equality (5)   Lessons from the Story of Creation in the Qur’an (7)
Criterion of Superiority in Islam (5)

3) Human Brotherhood and Equality — III

Prophet Muhammad on Human Equality (9)  Summary of the Last Program (3)
Brothers in Humanity and in Faith (5) Treatment of Non-Muslims (8)
 Place of Reverts in Islam and Why “Convert” Is a Misnomer (4)

4) Brotherhood of Faith

 Speaking Arabic or Living Near the Holy Places (4)  Summary of the Last Program (2)
How Brotherhood of Faith Transcends Time Limits (5)  Meaning of “Ummah”: Difference from Nation and Society (6)
 Examples of Mismatches in the Qur’an (6) Brotherhood of Faith and Blood Relationships (4)

5) Social Relationships and Choice of Friends

 Role of Friendship in the Islamic Society (4)  Summary of the Last Program (2)
Cases in Which Seclusion May Be Permissible (4) Islam Is Not Meant for Secluded Individuals (5)
Measures to Protect and Enhance Friendship (7)  Firm Foundation of Friendship (4)
 Things That Will Weaken Friendship (3)

6) Social Responsibility — I

Islam: Individualism or Social Involvement? (3)  Summary of the Last Program (2)
Mechanisms in Building a Righteous Society (2)  Evidence from the Qur’an (3)
What to Do to Forbid Evil? (2) The Principle of Ordaining Good and Forbidding Evil (5)
Objections to This Duty: Avoiding Involvement (10)  Significance of the Order of These Measures (3)

7) Social Responsibility — II

Another Objection: No Compulsion in Religion (3)  Summary of the Last Program (3)
 A Fourth Objection: Fear of Abuses and Excesses (7) A Third Objection: Minding One’s Business (4)
Concrete Translation of Social Concern (4)  Social Concern and Worship (4)
Characteristics of a True Muslim Society (2)  Concept of Social Justice in Islam (3)

8) Emancipation of Slaves — I

Spiritual and Psychological Emancipation (5) Slavery before Islam (4)
 Impact of Islamic Teachings on Muslim Behavior and Attitude (6)  Treatment of Slaves in the Qur’an and the Sunnah (6)
 Why Slavery Was Not Outlawed Explicitly and Immediately (4) Islam Opened the Door of Emancipation (4)

9) Emancipation of Slaves — II

War Captives (5)  Summary of the Last Program (5)
 Concubinage and Female War Captives (8) Captivity Was Not Meant to Be Perpetual (4)
 Financial Help for Persons in Bondage Seeking Freedom (2)  Mukatabah or Contract to Regain Freedom (3)

10) Place of Family in Islam: Introduction

Significant Topics (4) Connection with Previous Topics in This Series (2)
Extended Family and Degree of Relationships (3) Definition of Family: An Islamic Perspective (4)
 Islam’s Position on Ansab (Parentage) (3)  Why Legal Regulation of Family Relations? (3)
Does Islam Consider Adoption Unlawful? (3) What If the Father Is Unknown? (1)
 Objectives of the Muslim Family (5)

11) Position of Women in Ancient Civilization

Was Islamic Reform Only Relevant to Its Time? (2) Summary of the Last Program (3)
 Women in Ancient Western Civilizations (3) Women in Ancient Eastern Civilizations (6)
 Exceptions: Worship of the Mother Goddess (7)  Women in the Middle East (3)
Relevance of Comparing Islam to Previous Religions (5)

12) Women in Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Scriptures — I

 Creation of Eve from Adam: Possible Areas of Comparative Study (4)  Summary of the Last Program (2)
Ancient Sources of the Serpent as the Symbol of Evil (1)  Responsibility for the First Sin: Woman’s Alone? (7)
 Treatment of Women during Their Monthly Periods (5) Attitudes toward Pregnancy and Childbirth (7)

13) Women in Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Scriptures — II

Treatment of Rape Victims (4) Summary of the Last Program (3)
View of Marriage and Divorce (4)  Accusing One’s Wife of Adultery (5)
Jesus’s Attitude toward Women (3) Relevance of the Old Testament to Christianity (2)
Veneration of Mary: An Exception (1)  Paul’s View of Women (4)
 Attitudes of Church Fathers (2)

14) Position of Women in Islam: The Spiritual Aspect

The Basic Thesis (3) Summary of the Last Program (4)
Entitlement to the Same Reward as Men (2)  Woman and Spiritual Position (4)
 Nature of Special Concessions to Women (4) Same Basic Religious Duties as Men (3)
Can a Woman Lead Salah (Prayer)? (2) Women and Priesthood (3)
 Why Not a Female Prophet? (3)

15) Position of Women in Islam: The Economic Aspect

Independent Property Rights (2)  Summary of the Last Program (2)
Right to Inheritance (4)  Comparison between 19th and 20th Century Developments (6)
Working outside Home (4)  Reason for Variation in Male and Female Shares (5)
Is It a Question of Traditional versus Modern Values? (1)  Are Women Idle and Unfulfilled at Home? (4)

16) Position of Women in Islam: The Social Aspect

 Birth of Girls before Islam (5) Summary of the Last Program (2)
 Position of Woman in Islam as a Wife (2)  Woman’s Right to Education (6)
 General Standards Concerning Women’s Dress (5)  Care of Women in Their Old Age (5)
 Precautions Taken to Avoid Any Kind of Temptation (3)

17) Position of Women in Islam: The Political Aspect — I

 Participation in Political Life of the Community (4)  Summary of the Last Program (4)
Participation in Elections (5)  Right of Expression (6)
 Leadership of Women (4) Is Bay`ah (Pledge of Allegiance) Related to Political Aspects? (2)
 Participation in the Legislative Process (4)

18) Position of Women in Islam: The Political Aspect — II

 Early Forms of Participation (6) Summary of the Last Program (4)
 Women as Heads of State (6)  Women and Leadership (6)
Women as Witnesses (4) Women as Judges (3)
General Acceptance of Women’s Testimony (26) (missing)

19) Muslim Women in History — I

Divine Recognition of Khadijah (2)  Pioneering Muslim Women in Faith (4)
Independence of Faith (3)  Gratitude to Khadijah (5)
 Exposure to Danger (2) Suffering and Perseverance (3)

20) Muslim Women in History — II

Participation in Da`wah (4)  Summary of the Last Program (3)
Social Service (6) Accomplished Scholars and Teachers (3)
Participation on the Battlefield (5)  Participation in War Efforts (4)
Is That Applicable Today? (5)

21) Muslim Women in History — III

 Reasons for Emphasis on Early Periods (2)  Summary of the Last Program (1)
Reasons for Decline (3) Later Developments (3)
Why Are Some Practices Considered Deviations?  Examples of Deviations (6)
Woman’s Voice: Is It `Awrah (Unlawful to Be Heard)? (4)  Evidence from the Qur’an (7)
Proper Methodology in Interpreting Hadith (3)

22) Muslim Women in Recent History

Three Trends (4) Summary of the Last Program (2)
Maintenance of the Status Quo: Why? (3)  Westernization and Its Problems (3)
Women as Fitnah (Temptation) (3) Misinterpretation of Some Prophetic Sayings (3)
Women and the Bent Rib (4) Are Women Less in Matters of Religion and Mind? (5)
Misunderstood Hadith (3)

23) Muslim Women in Contemporary Society

Islamic Revival as the Third Trend (3) Summary of the Last Program (3)
Between Islam and Local Cultures (3) Guidelines for Improvement (3)
 Contributions through Family Life (3) Role of Individuals (5)
Role of Muslim Men and Women in Needed Reform (4) Contributions to Social Development (4)

24) Islam’s View of Sex

 Basic Frame of Reference (4) Connection between This Topic and the Last (1)
Extremes Condemned by Islam (5)  Examples from the Qur’an (5)
 How Does Islam Solve the Problems of Sex? (9) Dangers of Excess (3)

25) Selection of Spouse and Engagement

Purposes of Marriage in Islam (10)  Summary of the Last Program (2)
Criteria for the Selection of a Husband (4)  Criteria for the Selection of a Wife (5)
How Can a Choice Be Made without Dating? (6)  Can a Woman Propose Marriage? (2)

26) Engagement

Reasons for Precaution against Khulwah (Privacy) (3)  Summary of the Last Program (2)
Procedures for Engagement (1)  Looking at a Potential Spouse (1)
Things to Avoid in Engagement (4)  Responsibility If Engagement Is Broken (7)
Forbidden Categories in Marriage (4)  Compatibility: What Does It Mean? (6)

27) Marriage Laws in Islam — I: Forbidden Categories

Reasons for Forbidden Categories (7) Summary of the Last Program (2)
The Case of Repentance (3)  Other Restrictions: The Unchaste (3)
Marriage to Atheists and Mushriks (2) Accusation of Adultery (1)
Are There People of the Book Now? (3) Exception for the People of the Book (2)
Important Precautions and Conditions (6)

28) Marriage Laws in Islam — II: Validity of Marriage

A Muslim Woman Must Marry Only a Muslim (3) Summary of the Last Program (3)
Influence of a Non-Muslim Wife on Her Children (2) Why Is the Opposite Not True? (5)
Is Marriage a Civil Contract or a Sacrament? (4)  When a Woman Embraces Islam While Her Husband Remains a Non-Muslim (5)
Other Conditions (2)  Basic Conditions for the Validity of Marriage (4)
Reasons for Differences in Jurists’ Opinions (2) Marriage without the Guardian’s Consent (1)

29 Marriage Laws in Islam — III: Marriage Contract

More on the Guardian’s Consent (3) Summary of the Last Program (2)
Female’s Consent to Marriage (5)  Marriage of Minors (4)
The Use of the Marriage Gift to Buy Furniture for the Bride (2)  Is the Wedding Gift the Same as a Dowry? (5)
Is There Any Minimum or Maximum for the Marriage Gift? (6)

30) Marriage Laws in Islam — IV: Marriage Contract

Failure to Specify the Marriage Gift (2)  Summary of the Last Program (2)
When Does the Marriage Gift Become Due? (3) Should the Marriage Gift Be Paid at Once? (2)
Is the Inclusion of Conditions Permissible? (3) The Case of Divorce before Consummation (3)
Commendable Acts in the Marriage Ceremony (6) Validity of Conditions Restricting Permissible Things (2)

31) Polygamy in Islamic Law — I: Historical Perspective

Clarification of Terms (2) Summary of the Last Program (2)
 Polygamy in Ancient Civilizations (3) Is Polygamy the Norm? (2)
Practice of Polygamy among Jews (5) Polygamy in the Old Testament (5)
Sanction of Polygamy by the Church (4) Did Christianity Prohibit Polygamy? (5)

32) Polygamy in Islamic Law — II: Historical Perspective

Practice of Polygamy among Mormons (3) Summary of the Last Program (3)
Did Islam Introduce or Even Sanction Polygamy? (4) Reasons for Polygamy in All Cultures (7)
 The Circumstances Surrounding the Revelation of the Above Passage (4)  Is There Any Explicit Mention of Polygamy in the Qur’an? (3)
 What Is Meant by Justice as a Condition for Polygamy? (4)

33) Polygamy in Islamic Law — III: Why Is It Allowed?

 Does the Qur’an Imply That Polygamy Is Forbidden? (4)  Summary of the Last Program (3)
Why Did Islam Allow Polygamy? (5) Why Is Four the Maximum? (4)
Individual Problems Solved by Polygamy (4)  Social Problems Solved by Polygamy (7)

34) Polygamy in Islamic Law — IV: Women’s Options

Other Individual Cases (3) Summary of the Last Program (3)
Is the Approval of the First Wife Mandatory? (4)  Why Might Some Women Prefer Polygamy? (4)
 Other Options for the First Wife (3)  Judicial Recourse Available to the First Wife (2)
 What If the Situation Is Reversed? (3)  Why Not Polyandry? (8)

35) Polygamy in Islamic Law — V: Prohibition or Legalization

Problems of Polygamy (3)  Summary of the Last Program (2)
How Common Is Polygamy in the Muslim World Today? (2) Relative Benefits and Harms (6)
 Legitimacy of Imposing Restrictions on Polygamy (6) Evaluation of Calls to Prohibit Polygamy in Muslim Countries (5)
 Western Scholars Who Call for the Legalization of Polygamy (3)  Could Polygamy in Non-Muslim Societies Help Solve Problems? (3)

36) Marital Relations — I: Wife’s Rights (1)

Ethical Bases of Marital Relations (8)  Effects of the Marriage Contract (3)
Basis of the Right to Maintenance (3) Wife’s Rights (1)
 Medication and Treatment (1)  Components of Maintenance (4)
 When the Husband Is Too Stingy (2)  When the Husband Is Unable to Maintain His Wife (5)
When Does the Wife Lose Her Maintenance Right? (3)

37) Marital Relations — II: Wife’s Rights (2)

 Non-Financial Rights: Kind Treatment (6)  Summary of the Last Program (2)
The Question of Jealousy (3) Kind Treatment When the Wife Is at Fault (6)
Islam’s Attitudes and Guidance (5)  The Right to Matrimonial Satisfaction (7)

38) Marital Relations — III: Related Issues

 When the Husband Denies His Wife Her Matrimonial Rights (4) Summary of the Last Program (3)
Possible Legitimate Reasons for Birth Control (4)  Islam’s Position on Birth Control (8)
 Test Tube Babies (3)  Prohibition of Abortion (4)
Artificial Insemination Not Involving the Husband (1) The Case of Tube Blockage (1)
 Surrogate Motherhood (3)

39) Marital Relations — IV: Husband’s Rights (1)

More on Surrogate Motherhood (5)  Summary of the Last Program (3)
Husband’s Rights (6) Choice of the Sex of the Fetus (5)
Are Men Superior to Women According to the Qur’an? (4)  What Does Obedience Mean? (4)

40) Marital Relations — V: Husband’s Rights (2)

Evidence from the Sunnah on the Virtues of Obedience (7) Summary of the Last Program (2)
Why Can’t a Wife Be Head of the Family? (8)  Error in Interpreting the Word Qiwamah (7)
 Boundaries and Limits of Obedience (6)

41) Marital Relations and Children’s Rights

Manifestation of Obedience in Daily Life (8) Summary of the Last Program (2)
Is the Wife Obliged to Do All the Housework? (6) Fulfilling the Husband’s Legitimate Sexual Rights (5)
2. Right to Legitimacy and Secure Identity (2) Basic Rights of Children: 1. Right to Life (4)
 3. Right to Proper Care and Virtuous Upbringing (4)

42) Rights of Parents

Documentation from the Qur’an (4) Summary of the Last Program (2)
How to Be Good to Parents (3)  Documentation from the Sunnah (6)
Rights of Parents If They Are Non-Muslims (7)  Obligation to Provide for Needy Parents (3)
Rights of Parents When They Are Unreasonable (4)

43) Rights of Relatives

 Obligation toward Parents after Their Death (3)  Summary of the Last Program (1)
When Relatives Are Not Too Kind (2) Obligation toward Relatives after Their Death (2)
Conditions Required for Obligation to Maintain Relatives (3)  Are These Obligations Moral or Moral-Legal? (3)

44) Marital Problems

Position of Islam on Divorce (2) Summary of the Last Program (5)
 Specific Steps to Avoid Divorce (2) Is Divorce in Islam Too Easy? (29) (missing)
When the Wife Is at Fault (8)  Checks to Prevent Divorce (2)
 Prohibition of Wife Battering (3)  Three-Stage Attempt to Avoid Divorce (8)
When Both Are at Fault (3)  When the Husband Is at Fault (5)

45) Dissolution of Marriage — I

Is Divorce the Exclusive Right of the Husband? (1) Summary of the Last Program (1)
Divorce through Judicial Process (3)  Divorce by the Wife (1)
Why Not Give the Wife the Right to Divorce? (6)  Dissolution by Bilateral Agreement (3)
Other Legal Restrictions on Divorce (2) Why Not Allow Divorce Only in Courts of Law? (3)
Prohibition of Divorce in Certain Periods (3) Divorce in the State of Anger (4)

46) Dissolution of Marriage — II

Reasons for Prohibiting Divorce during Certain Periods (4)  Summary of the Last Program (2)
 Where Should a Divorced Wife Stay during `Iddah? (5)  Does Divorce Become Effective Immediately? (3)
Irrevocable Divorce (5)  Can a Divorced Woman Remarry? (4)
 Financial Settlement and Custody of the Children (6)
Previous Section (E)        Next Section (G)

A) Monotheism     B) Prophethood     C) Muhammad in the Bible    D) Muslim's Beliefs

E) The Pillars of Islam     F) Social System of Islam     G) Economic System of Islam

H) Political System of Islam    I) Miracles in the Qur'an    J) Moral Teachings of Islam

K) Jesus       L) Muhammad



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